Modelling treatment works on the premise that exposure to the ‘model’ of the situation in a controlled fashion enables the individual to reduce anxiety related to the triggers in the situation and thus resume a more healthy frame of mind from which to choose a response.
Phobias can often be treated successfully with modeling treatment:
- The therapy typically uses an actor who approaches an anxiety-producing object or engages in a fear-provoking activity that is similar to the patient’s specific problem.
- Either a live or videotaped situation may be used, although the live model is sometimes considered to be more effective.
- The patient observes this event and tries to learn how to behave in a comparable manner.